Thursday, 4 June 2020

We dislike our appearance for any reason

She decided to turn this around by creating a new sequence of controlled falls in which the dancer would melt into the ground and reascend, ever so slowly. This required building up a whole new series of muscles. She took this concept further, using the ground itself as a space upon which the dancer could move like a coiled snake. In her new system, suddenly the knee became a different instrument of expression--a hinge upon which the dancer could balance and move, giving the effect of weightlessness. Slowly, as the work progressed, she could see coming to life the new form of dance that she had visualized. To add to the effect of newness, Graham decided to design and sew her own costumes. These costumes, often made out of stretch materials, would turn the dancers into almost abstract shapes, accentuating their sharp movements. Unlike the usual fairy-tale decor that was used for ballets, her sets would be minimal and stark. And on a strictly individual level, your thoughts are so powerful that they actually have an impact on and ultimately define your experience of life. Life is what it is. What you tell yourself, however, influences whether you experience, for instance, the struggles you encounter as challenges to overcome in the adventure story of your life, as impassible barriers, or maybe even as psychological jailers that imprison you and stop you from moving forward. Your thoughts shape the larger picture of meaning (or lack thereof) that you create or discover in your life, as well as the context and actuality of your everyday interactions. To be mindful of the way your thoughts drive your experiences is the key to being able to change or embrace them. Again, as the Buddha taught, As you think, so you become. If you're not mindful of the way your thoughts influence your experience, you can be bounced from one state of mind to the next like a steel ball in a pinball machine. In article 7 I discussed how extreme language creates extreme emotions. Now, let's take a look at how mindfulness can be applied to steer away from that. The following extreme-language-based thoughts--the kinds of statements our cartoon-world perspective comes up with--can radically and unnecessarily increase your anger. It means that if you're not ready to have sex by the third date, by the tenth date, by the fifteenth, then you don't. And you don't worry about his expectations, you don't make up excuses about why he can't come over, you don't sound overly apologetic about the fact that you just don't want to, yet.

He'll deal. I can't stress this enough: You are the only person who gets to decide when you have sex and when you don't. Your opinion is the only one that matters. Being in control of your own sex life means that you are responsible for your health. You have condoms. You go to the doctor. You get checkups. You get tested. The dancers would wear little makeup. Everything would be designed to set them off from the stage and make their movements explode. The response to her first series of performances was electrifying. The public had never seen anything remotely like it before. Many were disgusted and repulsed. Others found the work strangely emotional, giving dance an expressive quality they had never suspected it could possess. The work elicited extremes of reaction, a sign of its power. Over the years, what had seemed initially so harsh and ugly began to be accepted, as Martha Graham had indeed single-handedly created a new genre--modern dance as we know it today. To avoid this dance turning into yet another convention, she would constantly struggle to upset people's expectations, never going over old ground, and constantly changing the subject matter of the dances, from Greek myths to Americana and depictions from literature. For close to sixty years after the formation of her troupe, she continued to drive herself to create that feeling of newness and immediacy she had always wanted. If you're not mindful that extreme language--including the language of your self-talk--produces extreme emotions, then you might allow yourself to be batted around by whatever occurs in the outside world, forever giving your control away to anyone or anything that doesn't fall in line with your cartoon-world view. By making the simple shift to being mindful of what you think and of the impact those thoughts have on your reality, you empower yourself to control your perception of anything you experience, and you can balance the wording accurately when you state your thoughts to others.

Although the shift is simple to understand (that is, your thoughts affect your experience), it takes practice to master. The first step in changing your thoughts is to be mindful which thoughts you have. The more mindful you are of your thoughts, the more authentic you can be to your core, and the more you practice being aware of your thoughts, the better you will get at telling yourself the types of things that can help you handle life in the most effective way possible. When it comes to experiencing anger or handling conflict, the thoughts you choose to use to describe what is happening will directly affect how severe that experience will be. It might not feel like you're relying on extreme language to describe your inner experience of something, but one way to gain insight on whether you are is to observe the strength and/or intensity of your reactions. Obviously, the stronger the reaction you're having, the more intense the self-talk you're engaging in. Of course, some situations are life-threatening and genuinely warrant extreme reactions. Gaining awareness of your self-talk doesn't negate your ability to respond intensely when you actually need to. You don't take risks. Being in control of your own sex life means that you get to use your body the way you want to. If you wax or shave, it's because that's your aesthetic preference, and not because you feel pressure to adhere to a standard of beauty. If you're only doing it because you're worried a guy will be disappointed or unattracted to you if you don't, then save yourself the money and the discomfort. Being in control of your own sex life means you're as loud or as quiet or as nasty or as prudish in bed as you want to be. You don't settle for bad sex. You ask for what you want. If you're unhappy with your sex life, you take steps to make it better. But perhaps most important, being in control of your sex life means being perfectly attuned to your emotions surrounding sex. Because they can fluctuate. Perhaps the greatest impediment to human creativity is the natural decay that sets in over time in any kind of medium or profession. In the sciences or in business, a certain way of thinking or acting that once had success quickly becomes a paradigm, an established procedure.

As the years go by, people forget the initial reason for this paradigm and simply follow a lifeless set of techniques. In the arts, someone establishes a style that is new and vibrant, speaking to the particular spirit of the times. It has an edge because it is so different. Soon imitators pop up everywhere. It becomes a fashion, something to conform to, even if the conformity appears to be rebellious and edgy. This can drag on for ten, twenty years; Nothing in culture escapes this deadening dynamic. We may not be aware of it, but we suffer from the dead forms and conventions that clutter our culture. It does, however, help you not to react unnecessarily strongly. Balance begins with the words you use to describe your experiences to yourself and others. For instance, consider the nine examples I gave above of common cartoon-world thoughts. Here are some ways we might restate them in accurate language. Your physiological feelings come from more places than just your thoughts. It is possible, after all, to have completely peaceful thoughts but still feel physiologically agitated or irritable. We know that how you feel can be influenced by your thoughts, but your thoughts do not determine how you feel altogether. The reality is that multiple factors have an impact on your feelings. However your feelings arise, though, the fact is that they influence the way you communicate, so it's wise to be mindful of them. It doesn't take deep self-reflection to recall times when you've snapped at others or responded more intensely than the situation warranted. It's not like we, as women, adopt an attitude toward sex that stays the same from year to year, and guy to guy. There are slutty periods, there are prudish periods, there are times when it's safe for us to have sex with reckless abandon and times when it isn't.

Listen to yourself, check in with yourself, and learn to trust yourself to make the right decisions. It's time for women to put themselves firmly and irrevocably in the driver's seat of their own sex lives. And then we can really enjoy it, completely on our own terms. Because if we're being really super-honest here, isn't sex, or at least the possibility of sex, one of the most exciting parts about dating? Yes, it is. According to an ABC News poll, about 29% of Americans say it's okay to have sex on the first date. If you meet someone, want to have sex with him right away, and feel like it's safe both physically and emotionally for you to do so, go forth and prosper. This problem, however, sets up a tremendous opportunity for creative types, one epitomized by the example of Martha Graham. The process goes as follows: You begin by looking inward. You have something you want to express that is unique to yourself and related to your inclinations. You must be sure it is not something that is sparked by some trend or fashion, but that it comes from you and is real. Perhaps it is a sound you are not hearing in music, a type of story not being told, a type of article that does not fit into the usual tidy categories. Perhaps it is even a new way of doing business. Let the idea, the sound, the image take root in you. Sensing the possibility of a new language or way of doing things, you must make the conscious decision to play against the very conventions that you find dead and want to get rid of. Martha Graham did not create her work out of a vacuum; She took their conventions and turned them upside down. You are human, after all, and it's perfectly natural to misread interactions or respond more emotionally than necessary. When you feel agitated or irritable, your emotional center is activated, and it can be challenging for you to exude patience.

Behaviours characteristic of those with negative body image

If he asks you out again and you know you don't want to see him, politely turn down the date by saying, I had a nice time getting to know you, but I'm not sure there's a spark. Or you can just ignore it. He'll get the hint. If you've been dating for a few weeks--long enough to have seen each other five or six times, possibly had sex, but not met each other's friends--then you can probably get away with an email or a phone call explaining that you're sorry, but things aren't going to work out. Break up in person. I know, I know--the last thing you want to do is look at his little face when you tell him it's over. But when you've been dating that long, you really do owe him the courtesy of a face-to-face conversation (and, assuming you're ending on good terms, a goodbye hug! ONE OF the major issues that modern daters who are looking for a permanent relationship face is trying to determine who is the one. This dance was the polar opposite of the Denishawn method, which now seemed to her like empty, arty gesturing. It was more related to what she had seen of modern art--somewhat jagged and occasionally dissonant, full of power and rhythm. It was a visceral form of dance that she envisioned, and as she imagined it her thoughts kept returning to her father and their discussions about the body, about the language that all animals express through their movement. This dance she could visualize was rigorous, based on a new kind of discipline--not at all free-floating and spontaneous like the Denishawn style. It would have its own vocabulary. She could not shake the image of the beauty of this nonexistent dance. She would never have this chance again. With age comes conservatism and the need for comfort. To create what was not out there, she would have to start her own school and dance troupe, building up the technique and discipline on her own. To support herself, she would have to give classes, teaching the new dance movements she would be in the process of creating. It's about understanding the role you play in every interaction, as well as making ongoing informed assessments of the ways in which what you say and do affects others. Mindfulness is, like the core of Yield Theory, simple to understand but often difficult to practice.

Most people probably perceive themselves to be more mindful than they actually are. Four Zen students were told to sit in complete silence. The first said out loud, I know I can sit in silence, no problem. The second said, You just spoke! The third said, You both are fools! And the fourth said, I am the only one who has not spoken. Like these Zen students, how many of us are quick to judge others but slow to be aware of ourselves? Recognizing that we are self-aware creatures is one of the characteristics that philosophers have used to distinguish humans from other mammals, but simply having the potential to be self-aware doesn't necessarily mean we always are. An active dater will go on numerous dates a year and will probably have a few relationships under her belt by the time she hits thirty. So at what point do you stop looking and start settling down? How do you know if you're being too picky, or if you should keep searching for the right person? A theory developed by Peter Todd, professor of informatics and cognitive science at Indiana University, suggests that the trick is to date enough people to establish some baseline standards, then settle down with the next person you meet who exceeds the bar. According to Todd's research, twelve seems to be the magic number when it comes to figuring out what you want in a relationship. After dating twelve people, most people have enough information to determine what qualities they're looking for in a long-term partner. Statistically speaking, that's the point when people who want to settle down should basically end their search and settle with the next person they date who meets (or surpasses! In other words. If you've dated fewer than twelve people, feel free to keep looking (and dating). If you've dated, say, thirty people, you're probably being too picky. It would entail a tremendous risk, and money would be a constant problem, but her desperation to create what she could imagine would fuel her past any obstacles. Within weeks of Ted Shawn's ultimatum, she made her first move.

She rented out a studio, and to show her pupils that this was a new kind of dance they were going to learn, she covered the walls in burlap. Unlike other dance studios, her studio would have no mirrors. The dancers would have to focus intensely on what she was teaching and learn how to correct themselves by feeling the movement in their bodies, not becoming fixated on their images. Everything she wanted in this new form of dance was outwardly directed at the audience, without self-consciousness. At first, it all seemed rather impossible. She had only a few students, just enough to cover rent. They would often have to wait for her as she slowly invented some new kind of movement or exercise, which they would then practice together and refine. A few early performances, although awkward, managed to attract more recruits, enough for Graham to think of creating a small troupe. One of the biggest barriers to mindfulness is the ego. When your ego blurts out, I already do that, it's likely relying on hindsight bias to convince you that you already know about mindfulness, which puts up an obstacle to your actually practicing it. The I already do that mindset places the onus for more effective communication on others, rather than you continuously coming back to you focusing on controlling yourself. Think back to the story of the Great Watermelon Slayer, who didn't blame the people of that stale futuristic world for what they believed. Instead of proclaiming he already knew what the watermelon was, he made the effort to meet them where they were and discover the watermelon with them. Be mindful that your ego will attempt to convince you that you're right or that you already communicate effectively. Awareness of the ego's tricks will make it easier for you to meet others where they are. The more demanding you are that others come to you, the more you operate out of the Critical Parent ego state, and the more you will lead with arrogance rather than humility. Remember, arrogance is like gasoline on a fire in any conflict. If you keep in your foreground just how much there is to be mindful about in every given moment, you will naturally lead with humility. I live in the East Village. I could never date someone who lived, say, on the Upper West Side.

WAY too much work. Breakups are the worst, the worst, the worst. Luckily, you can get by with a little help from your friends. And by friends, I mean ice cream, Netflix Instant, and alcohol. We asked women what items they found essential to recovering from a breakup. Here are some of our favorite answers. Now that we're (finally! Whether we're having too much. From this group, she demanded the utmost discipline. They were creating a new language and would have to work hard. Week by week she built up a set of exercises that would bring the dancers more control, along with an entirely new mechanics of movement. She and her recruits would spend an entire year working on and perfecting one simple new technique, until it became second nature. To distinguish her method from other forms of dance, she placed all of the emphasis on the torso. She called the torso the house of the pelvic truth. She had determined that the most expressive part of the human body came from the contractions of the diaphragm and the sharp movements of the torso. This would be the center of focus, not the face and arms that made dance too romantic. She created endless exercises to build up this area, and she encouraged her dancers to feel the deep well of emotions that came from using these muscles. Much of what stimulated her in this early phase was the desire to create something that had never been seen before on the stage. Mindfulness is not an academic concept or one that can ever be completed: It's an ongoing way of life that is relevant in every waking moment. But what a challenge to be constantly mindful!

After all, how much of our lives do we drift through in an unaware state? Think about how many present moments you might have missed because you were thinking about the past, worrying about the future, or living in some cartoon world of your own creation. The past is gone, and it's not physically possible to live in the future, so the only moment that actually exists is the present. With your brain's default-mode network sending between 50,000 and 70,000 thoughts through your mind every day, it doesn't seem possible to keep track of all of your thoughts all of the time. What you can realistically keep track of, however, is what thoughts are going through your mind right now. The more present you are in each moment, the easier it is to be mindful, and vice versa. Thoughts are arguably the fuel of the greatest power that we as humans wield. It was our capacity for higher-level creative thinking, after all, that helped us separate ourselves from all the other species on our planet, even though many other creatures are incredibly more physically adept than we are. Whether we look a certain way, or act in bed the way other women do. Whether a guy will think less of us if we have sex sooner, whether he will walk away if we wait till later. Many women tend to still be under the impression that there is a norm in terms of female sexuality, and they spend far too much time trying to adjust their own sexual habits closer to the median. Sex and the City, the same television show that helped make it okay for women to admit that they have and enjoy sex, constantly depicted the female protagonists huddled around a brunch table, comparing stories and experiences: Is this normal? Are you doing this too? Is this what men expect? For women, it hardly ever seems like a simple question of Yes, I want this or No, I don't. So here's an important question to ask yourself: Do you feel in charge--I mean completely and totally in control--of your own sex life? Being in control of your own sex life means that you have sex when you're ready. If you're ready on the first date, you go ahead, without worrying that he'll think less of you, without feeling guilty the next morning or telling yourself you should have waited. In Western dance, for instance, it was taboo for a dancer to fall--that would be a sign of a mistake and loss of control. The ground was something to resist and never surrender to.

We share the love and don't allow others to put themselves down

nonetheless, mindfulness is vital to walking through anger in a conscious way. In this article, I'll show you why mindfulness is a fundamental component of Yield Theory and what it takes to be mindful as you listen, validate, and explore options with others. A professor approached the Zen master and condescendingly asked him what made him a master of Zen. The master said, When I eat, I eat. When I walk, I walk. When I talk to someone, I talk to that person. The haughty professor, who could barely keep himself from interrupting the master, replied, That's ridiculous! Everyone does those things! You might not feel completely ready to get back out there. You might still be a little sad. That's natural! But breakups stop being healthy and start being harmful when you just can't seem to let go. Part of being a good dater is the ability to recover from heartbreak and move on to the next person--the person who wants to be with you. Don't waste too much time crying over the wrong one. THE IN-PERSON BREAKUP TALK THERE'S THIS pervasive idea that a face-to-face conversation is the most mature way to handle a breakup. It's also sort of the suckiest. It sucks for you, obviously, because it's scary and awkward and nerve-wracking to have to end it with someone and see his reaction. He could read their level of anxiety in how they walked or moved their arms or fixed their eyes on something. The body does not lie, he would often tell her.

In high school in Santa Barbara, California, Martha developed an interest in theater. But one evening in 1911, Dr Graham took his seventeen-year-old daughter to Los Angeles to see a performance of the famous dancer Ruth St. Denis, and from then on all she could think about was becoming a dancer. Influenced by her father, she was intrigued by the ability to express emotions without any words, strictly through the movement of the body. As soon as St. Denis opened up her own dance school (along with her partner, Ted Shawn) in 1916, Martha enrolled as one of its first pupils. Much of the choreography was a kind of free-form ballet, with an emphasis on making everything seem easy and natural. There was a lot of posing and moving about with scarves, similar to the work of Isadora Duncan. And I guess since I do them, that makes me a Zen master, too. The master smiled and said, To the contrary, when you eat, you think of other things. When you walk, your mind is elsewhere. And when you talk to others, your mind is not on what they're saying, but on what you'll say next. You are anywhere but present. That is the difference. To be aware of the present moment and what you're doing in such a complete way can take tremendous effort . until it doesn't. That is, being mindful takes practice until it just becomes the way you approach life. On the surface, presence might seem more achievable during routine tasks (like eating or walking or having a normal conversation) than in the midst of high conflict, but that's only if you equate being present with being calm. But it sucks for him, too. In a casual relationship, an in-person breakup can seem especially cruel, like, You dragged me all the way out to this diner just to break up with me?

Is this a breakup breakfast? If you haven't been dating that long, you might as well give the person the option of just hanging up on you, or deleting your email and promptly forgetting you exist. I mean, it's the humane thing to do. But if you've been dating someone long enough to really have established a personal connection and made a mark on each other's lives--to the point that not dating him will mean a noticeable difference in your everyday life, rather than simply a discontinuation of something--you definitely owe it to him to tell him face-to-face. Because getting dumped sucks, and the least you can do is have the balls to tell him in person, so that in some small way, it sucks for both of you, not just the person on the receiving end of the email. THE FADEOUT: WHEN IT HAPPENS TO YOU THE FADEOUT is an amazing option for breaking up with someone--unless, of course, the fadeout happens to you. Then it's awful. At first, Graham was not considered a promising dancer. She was shy, always staying toward the back of the class. She was not particularly built for the art (she did not have a lithe ballerina's body), and she was slow to pick up the choreography. But when she was given her first solo, St. Denis and Shawn saw something that surprised them: she exploded with an energy they had not suspected in her. She had charisma. Denis compared her to a young tornado when she took the stage. Everything they taught her she had a way of transforming into something sharper and more aggressive. After several years she became one of their leading students, a major performer in their troupe and a teacher of the Denishawn method, as it came to be known. But soon she began to tire of this form of dancing. Being mindful of how you feel in the midst of intense or uncomfortable situations means, not trying to control how you feel, but tuning in to how you do feel. Ultimately, mindfulness is about becoming the objective observer of yourself.

The more you get to know yourself, including understanding the root of your thoughts and the path they tend to take, the easier it will be for you to identify what triggers what in you. With your heightened self-awareness, you will likely find being present becomes second nature. Presence is a way of being, and the key to presence is mindfulness, and the key to being effective at mindfulness is practice. That can start right now. For example, in this moment you may feel overwhelmed at the thought that the next time you have conflict, you're supposed to be aware simultaneously of all your thoughts, language, how others are perceiving you, and what they're saying and doing, as well as figuring out how you're supposed to juggle all that and circumvent their fight-or-flight response. Practicing mindfulness in this moment, right here and now, simply means being aware of those racing thoughts and how they make you feel. In reality, in this exact moment, if you are paying attention to this sentence right now and nothing else, you are practicing mindfulness. Humans have always had to deal with distractions, but perhaps never more so than in our current milieu of social media, 24/7 news cycles, and instant mobile connectedness. Then it's a drawn-out, terrible period of you wondering if maybe he's just really busy, and maybe he'll turn up again with apologies and a damned good excuse, and maybe he lost his phone, as well as all access to the Internet. This is followed by a confusing period where you find yourself going over your last date, your last conversation, minute by minute.He said, See you later! Was he lying? Did he know then that he had no intention of actually seeing you later? Was this his plan all along? You'll consider messaging him, demanding that he give you an answer. At least you'd have peace of mind. You'll fantasize about running into him at a bar, where you'd pretend to barely remember his name. In the end, you sort of just get over it. You got faded out. It did not suit her temperament. To get some distance from the school she moved to New York, and to support herself she taught classes in the Denishawn method.

Then one day in 1926, perhaps upset at her leaving the troupe, Ted Shawn surprised her with an ultimatum--she would have to pay $500 for the right to teach Denishawn exercises and dance material. If not, she was strictly forbidden, under penalty of a lawsuit, ever to use any of their methods in her classes or personal work. For Graham, this precipitated a crisis of sorts. She was now thirty-two years old, no longer young for a career in dance. She had barely $50 to her name, which meant that she could never pay Shawn even if she had wanted to. To earn extra money she had already tried working in popular dance shows on Broadway and had hated it, vowing never to go back. But as she weighed her options, one idea kept recurring to her. In her mind she had always been able to envision a kind of dance that did not exist in the world but that spoke to her innermost desires, both as a performer and a spectator. Just observe people in public places as they walk alongside friends or sit in coffee shops while they use their phones to text or talk to someone else. Distraction is now the normal context of our communication. That means that almost any attempt you make to reach the minds and emotional centers of others is like walking through a forest that has no neatly paved path; the trees--the many distractions--get in the way. Most of us live in such forests. You need to create a path through your own forest of distraction before you have any chance of reaching someone else who is also living with distractions. Mindfulness is that path. To master communication is to accurately understand how others are receiving what you're saying, so that from moment to moment you can make the adjustments necessary to ensure the message you intend to convey is actually heard. The question we are constantly asking ourselves in Yield Theory is: How can I meet ever-shifting others where they are? To answer that is to be mindful of your thoughts, feelings, speech, tone, body language, energy, and presence. But dating karma, man. He who fades out will get faded out, too.

We focus on the positive

The drawings were never quite right. They had to be continually improved and perfected. By pushing for perfection and holding on to this constant feeling of uncertainty, the project never froze into something rigid and lifeless. It had to feel alive in the moment, as his brush touched the paper. If what he was designing began to feel dead in any way, it was time to start over. This not only required tremendous patience on his part, but a good deal of courage, as he wiped out the work of several months. Maintaining the edge and feeling of aliveness, however, was more important. As the years went by and Calatrava was able to look back on all of his projects, he had a strange sensation. Anger might have motivated our early ancestors to protect their resources (for example, if you steal my resources, I get angry and fight to protect them, thus having resources to survive), find motivation to avoid pain (the angrier you are, the more you lash out, and the more you lash out, the more endorphins are released), or heighten desire to track down the bigger prey that could subsequently feed more of the group (anger itself is not wrong or bad and, in fact, can be a very strong motivator), which in turn helped the individual survive. Each of our basic emotions conceivably served an evolutionary purpose before language evolved. Once language evolved, creativity blossomed. With creativity came ineffable beauty, as well as intolerable self-inflicted pain. It's helpful to be mindful both of the ways in which creativity exacerbates problems and the ways in which you can bank on creativity to learn from your emotions and teach others to learn from theirs. Teaching stories and metaphors are layered so deeply that the extent of their impact can be truly understood only on a case-by-case basis and over time. Ultimately, each person feels the depth and reach of metaphors and teaching tales on an indescribable level. The more you can tap into creativity to spark awareness, the more you can in turn help others tap into their own. Whether you hone in on your awareness of the ways in which your self-talk drives your narrative and, subsequently, your emotions, or whether you focus more on the ways in which you can use experiential awareness or teaching tales to spark insight in others, the reality is that there is tremendous power in creativity. Ultimately, you or anyone else in a creative state is not in a state of conflict. We were on a date the other night, and I told him excitedly about this website that I had just gotten mentioned on, and he said, `Oh, I know, I saw it on your Google Alert. After a month and a half.

Is this weird? Having a Google Alert on yourself makes sense. Having a Google Alert set up for someone you're dating is a different matter entirely. On the one hand, it's flattering that he cared enough to want to be alerted of any professional developments the moment they happened. On the other hand. I publicly pride myself on being a grade-A stalker, but I can't imagine actually signing up for a Google Alert on someone I'm dating: It would feel much too controlling/creepy. Besides, it totally takes the fun out of sharing exciting news with your partner. Does he really need to be kept abreast of every time you tweet, blog, or make an appearance on the Internet? The process he had evolved felt as if it had come from outside of him. It was not something he had created through his own imagination, but rather it was nature itself that had led him to this perfectly organic and beautifully effective process. The projects would take root in his mind with some emotion or idea, and slowly grow through the drawings, always alive and as fluid as life itself, like the stages of a plant leading to a flower. Feeling such vitality during the work, he would translate this sensation into the structures themselves, evoking awe and wonder in the public that saw and used them. Because the creative process is an elusive subject and one for which we receive no training, in our first creative endeavors we are most often left to our own devices, to sink or swim. And in these circumstances we have to evolve something that suits our individual spirit and our profession. Often, however, we can go quite wrong in evolving this process, particularly with the pressure to produce results and the fear this instills in us. In the process Calatrava developed for his work, we can discern an elemental pattern and principles that have wide application, built as they are on the natural inclinations and strengths of the human brain. First, it is essential to build into the creative process an initial period that is open-ended. You give yourself time to dream and wander, to start out in a loose and unfocused manner. Creativity brings depth to your experience of life, and it helps you walk straight through any anger or conflict head on. Finally, people learn in different ways.

Some techniques you try will work well with some people and not at all with others. Through the lens of Yield Theory, everyone's perspective matters, so do your best to assess the most effective way to get through to the person who is in front of you. When you draw on analogies and metaphors, including experiential and visual techniques, you are more likely to meet diverse learners where they are. At all times, keep in your foreground the goal at hand: to use your creativity to find ways to spark insight, both in yourself and in those on whom you hope to have an impact. Creativity is one of the greatest strengths we possess as humans. Unchecked, however, creativity can manifest in negative ways and be an awful source of pain. It's important to learn the difference between consciously using creativity to help you solve problems and blindly allowing creative thinking patterns to spiral you or others downward. Insight helps us figure out our thinking patterns, and it can help us shift the way we see what we experience. Save something to talk about for the actual date! A little stalkerish. Definitely weird. 69% of daters surveyed by our organisation. setting up a Google Alert on someone you're dating is weird. THINGS DON'T always work out. Even things that looked pretty promising. It sucks, because all breakups suck. Even the ones that were a long time coming, even the ones that you never expected to really last in the first place. The thing you've got to remember is that breakups are good for you in the long run. In this period, you allow the project to associate itself with certain powerful emotions, ones that naturally come out of you as you focus on your ideas. It is always easy to tighten up your ideas later on, and to make your project increasingly realistic and rational.

But if you begin with a feeling of tightness and pressure, focusing on the funding, the competition, or people's opinions, you will stifle the associative powers of the brain and quickly turn the work into something without joy or life. Second, it is best to have wide knowledge of your field and other fields, giving your brain more possible associations and connections. Third, to keep this process alive, you must never settle into complacency, as if your initial vision represents the endpoint. You must cultivate profound dissatisfaction with your work and the need to constantly improve your ideas, along with a sense of uncertainty--you are not exactly sure where to go next, and this uncertainty drives the creative urge and keeps it fresh. Any kind of resistance or obstacle that crosses your path should be seen as yet another chance to improve your work. Finally, you must come to embrace slowness as a virtue in itself. When it comes to creative endeavors, time is always relative. Whether your project takes months or years to complete, you will always experience a sense of impatience and a desire to get to the end. Yield Theory utilizes creativity as a fundamental component most importantly because people have different learning styles. To help others walk through anger, it's not enough to simply have information, it's also vital to be able to convey that information to them in ways that actually work. The more you tap into your own creativity, the more options you have for communicating effectively with others, regardless of their emotional state. He who gives way to violent gestures will increase his rage. The Buddha taught long ago that mindfulness is the path to immortality. In today's world, admittedly, mindfulness is a buzzword. It's far easier to throw the word mindfulness around in conversation than it is to actually implement it; and that seems even more true in times of conflict. To be mindful is to be aware. That's it. Ending a relationship that isn't working just makes way for a relationship that does. Not that this is much comfort in the moment, when all you want to do (understandably!

So do yourself a favor and wallow away. Talk to your friends about it ad nauseam. Watch all the sad movies you can find. Listen to power ballads at full blast and dance around your room and start to feel better and then feel worse all over again. Whatever you need to get through it. But the breakup period's got to be finite. Let yourself mourn to your heart's content for a period of time, and then stop. Pick yourself up by the bootstraps. The single greatest action you can take for acquiring creative power is to reverse this natural impatience. You take pleasure in the laborious research process; You do not unnaturally draw out the process, which will create its own problems (we all need deadlines), but the longer you can allow the project to absorb your mental energies, the richer it will become. Imagine yourself years in the future looking back at the work you have done. From that future vantage point, the extra months and years you devoted to the process will not seem painful or laborious at all. It is an illusion of the present that will vanish. Time is your greatest ally. The Open Field Martha Graham's father, Dr George Graham, was one of the few pioneering doctors in the 1890s to specialize in the treatment of mental illness. In working with his patients, Dr Graham had developed the ability to judge much about their states of mind from their body language. The challenge for you is to be aware at all times of your thoughts, feelings, actions, and speech, as well as your presence, your environment, and what others are attempting to communicate to you, even under the duress of every intense emotion you experience. The idea of being aware of so much all at once can certainly seem overwhelming;

We don't allow peer pressure to determine how we look

Click on your most recent photos, and make sure you're okay with them. It's no secret that you've had previous relationships, but it can be intimidating for someone you just started dating to be able to look at the romantic-vacation photos you took with your ex last spring. Of course, you can always change the settings so he can't see your pictures, but if that's too drastic, just edit them. Once you're officially Facebook friends, you can interact with him on the medium as much or as little as you wish, but make sure to read his signals, too. Not everyone is comfortable with his extended social network reading into who is liking and commenting on his wall. If that's the case--for either of you! If you're seeing other people, don't go overboard with the Facebook flirting. It's not hard for people to insinuate things. The bay doors added a surreal touch, and when folded up, looked even more like the entranceway to a temple. All of this blended perfectly with the functionality of the structure. It was a great success, and garnered him immediate attention. As the years went by, one important commission followed another. Working on increasingly larger projects, Calatrava could see clearly the dangers ahead of him. Completing a design could often take ten years or more, from the initial sketch to the actual construction. In that time, all kinds of problems and conflicts could arise, which could end up spoiling the initial vision. With larger budgets would come more constraints, and the need to please many different people. If he were not careful, his desire to transgress the rules and to express a personal vision would get lost in the process. And so, as his career progressed, something inside him made him return to the method he had developed for the Ernsting warehouse, and to elaborate it even further. The man stopped. The teacher's words moved through him.

He realized that if he killed the man who stole his $450, he would end up back in prison (probably for life). His anger left him. He thanked the teacher and walked away. Now, this is a true story. I was the teacher, and the man was in one of my anger management groups. Now that you know this a true story, you probably want to know the rest of what happened. The man was calm enough after talking to me that he went home and slept instead of seeking out the man he believed to be the thief. In the morning, when he awoke, he said a thankful prayer that he didn't go after that man and end up in prison again. Say you were dating someone, but now you aren't anymore. How to deal with the delicate matter of your Facebook relationship? If you instigated the breakup, give your ex a few days to take down the In a Relationship status first himself. It's a small, surprisingly empowering gesture that can help him feel a little less dumped. But if, after a few days, he still hasn't done it, go ahead and pull the trigger yourself--you don't want to lead him on or give him any reason to believe you're having second thoughts. But if you were the one who got dumped, rip that Band-Aid off! Better you do it than your ex! About 2/3 of daters surveyed by our organisation admit to regularly stalking their crushes on Facebook. GCHAT IS perfect for wasting away the workday, talking to your friends about nothing, but it presents all sorts of hazards for new relationships: Gchat fights, Gchat veiled comments that need immediate analysis, Gchat-related fatigue. He would always begin with the drawings. Drawing by hand had become increasingly unusual in the era of computer graphics that had come to dominate so many aspects of architectural design in the 1980s.

As a trained engineer, Calatrava knew the tremendous advantages the computer provided for running models and testing the soundness of a structure. But working exclusively on a computer, he could not create in the same way as he could with pencil or brush and paper. The intervention of the computer screen cut off the dreamlike process of sketching, the direct contact it gave him with his unconscious. His hand and his mind seemed to work together in a way that was primal and real, and that could not be duplicated through a computer. Now his drawings for a single project would number in the hundreds. He would start out in the same loose manner, building up all kinds of associations. He would begin with a feeling or an emotion that the idea of the design sparked in him. This would lead to an image, however vague. In fact, he even imagined that he paid the amount that was stolen from him and was now free. He felt so good knowing that he resisted acting on impulse that he decided to clean his room. As he was picking a pile of clothes off the floor, he found his wallet with the $450 in it. This man's contact with a creative solution to sparking insight in him changed the course of his life. Moreover, because he was able to genuinely gain from the lesson, he shared his experience with our group the following week, which had a profound impact on several other people, including me. So the benefits rippled outward, like a pebble in a pond. All the actions we take today will affect us one way or another in the future. Sometimes, when we make a mistake, we would be willing to pay any price to take it back--all the more reason why it's advisable to think through what we're going to do ahead of time. The pressing question to ask yourself from this story is: How much would you pay to avoid making the mistakes of the future? First and foremost, reflect on how much you might actually pay to avoid mistakes that you could potentially make from a place of impulse. The problem with Gchat is that while an email chain will usually have a conclusive end (Great, see you then! Ha, hilarious, thanks for sending!

Reservation under `Smith'), a Gchat box stays open long after you've finished saying what you need to say. And when there's an empty box on your screen all day, most people are compelled by a completely human urge to fill it. After all, it's hard to end a Gchat conversation without signing off, and most people, at work anyway, won't sign off until the end of the day. So how do you say, Okay, great, I'm done talking to you now, even though I'm still sitting here, to someone you're dating? It's very difficult. The other option is the fadeout, but most people (girls? So the Gchat keeps going, and going, and going, peppered with mundane observations and halfhearted lols. Even the best Gchats, the ones that are flirty and witty and exciting, lose their charm at some point. For instance, when asked to design an elaborate addition to the Milwaukee Art Museum, what first came to mind and then to paper was the image of a bird about to take flight. This image would go through the mill of his sketching process, but in the end the roof of the building he designed featured two enormous, ribbed panels that would open and close according to the sunlight, giving the impression of an enormous prehistoric bird about to fly over Lake Michigan. Most of these early, free associations would revolve around nature--plants, trees, human figures in various poses, skeletal ribbing--and would be intimately tied to the landscape. Slowly, the shape of the overall structure would come into focus through this process, as he would make the idea increasingly rational and architectural. As an adjunct to this process he would build models, sometimes beginning with a completely abstract sculptural shape that in subsequent versions would become the design for the structure itself. All of these drawings and sculptures were like exteriorizations of his unconscious and nonverbal thought processes. Inevitably, as he moved closer to the construction phase, he would come up against constraints, such as the materials to be used and budgetary considerations. But working from this initial strategy, he experienced these factors merely as creative challenges: for instance, how could he incorporate certain materials into the vision he had sketched out and make it all work? If it were a train or subway station, how could he make the platforms and the movement of the trains fit into the overall vision, even enhancing their functionality? Such challenges excited him. Next, work as hard as you can on your self-talk and self-discipline so that you can avoid making such mistakes. You already know that you master what you practice.

Once you have figured out how much you'd pay to gain the self-control that will bring you the future results you want, you can use the currency of your time and effort to get it. Finally, from a place of clarity and experience, do your best to share the insight that you gain from this conscious perspective of the inevitable future with those who need it most. Why Creativity Matters Our emotions really are designed to teach us something. Consider our prelinguistic ancestors. Love would have taught bonding, which ultimately led to group mentality and helped the survival of the species. Fear meant one should be alert to danger, and, again, that meant survival. Sadness meant that group members mattered, and we are more likely to look out for and protect that which matters to us, which is pretty useful in the grand picture of the longevity of a species. It's hard to sustain! And of course, it's nearly impossible to really gauge the other person's reaction. At the beginning of a relationship, couples don't know each other well enough to interpret tone from a few lines of possibly misleading text: Jocular? Or worse, bored? It is way too early in the relationship to analyze your date based on 12-point Helvetica. And then, four hours later, you're finally on a date with the person, except you have nothing to say, because you spent the entire day catching up in your chat box. Again, too early for that. Keep that magic alive. Stay off of Gchat. I've been dating this guy for a month and a half. The greatest danger he faced was that his energy would go flat over time as the design dragged on into years, and he would lose touch with his original vision. To combat this, Calatrava would maintain an attitude of constant dissatisfaction.

Accept your past and seek help to overcome it

In other words, it's entirely an internal dilemma for a person to work out: Do they actually want to willingly give others control? Or not want to give others control? By offering the puppet metaphor, you internally motivate people to consciously take control of their lives. The instant any of us realizes that we do not want to be other people's puppet is the moment we become more open to learning about the ways in which we can actually cut the strings. Keep Your Power We all have an innate power that drives our lives. Our power source moves us forward in life, allowing us to reach our full potential. Unfortunately, our power is intangible. One of the great injustices of society is that most of us are expected to show up someplace five days a week and perform a task in exchange for money. It sucks, but until we all leave to form a utopian society on Mars, that's the way it's going to be. If you guys are at work, you're supposed to be working. It's important to keep your at-work relationship as professional as possible: Unless you're at lunch or in a group setting, try to limit the non-work-related small talk to after-hours. You're crazy about each other but aren't allowed to openly express it when you're at work together. Clearly, this is a recipe for some insane sexual tension. But communicating via the company email system is dicey, and any email you open on your computer screen can be too easily read by a co-worker. Send each other text messages instead--not too often, but enough to keep things interesting. Ah, lunch! The recess of the adult world. Pain, it seemed, was a kind of opinion the body rendered on what it was experiencing, on its own health. This opinion could be tricked or manipulated, as the mirror experiment had shown.

In further experiments, Ramachandran arranged it so that patients would see a student's arm instead of their own, superimposed over the phantom limb. They would not be aware that this had been done, and when the student moved the arm, they experienced the same relief from paralysis. It was merely the sight of the movement that created the effect. This made the sensation of pain seem increasingly more subjective and subject to alteration. Over the ensuing years, Ramachandran would perfect this creative style of investigation into an art, transforming himself into one of the leading neuroscientists in the world. He developed certain guidelines for his strategy. He would look for any evidence of anomalies in neuroscience or in related fields, ones that brought up questions that had the potential to challenge conventional wisdom. His criteria were that he had to be able to show it was a real phenomenon (something like telepathy would not fall into this category), that it could be explained in terms of current science, and that it had important implications stretching beyond the confines of his own field. I say unfortunately, because I believe if our power was tangible--that is, if we could see it and feel it--then we could better protect it, and we would be significantly less likely to give that power away. In Marvel Comics, the hero Iron Man provides a great visual of this concept. Iron Man wears a suit of armor that's powered by a visible power source on his chest. Just as you would not expect to see this superhero take off his power source and hand it to whomever he's battling, it's equally important for you to hold on to your power in times of conflict. Just as it's a fact that the sun shines during the day, not the night, it's a fact that when you are reactive to others, you are giving them your power. So if someone cuts you off in traffic and you get angry, you have given that person your power. If someone says something and you ruminate on it, allowing him to rent space in your mind and causing yourself angst, you have given that person your power. If a person does something that you didn't want her to do or don't agree with and you allow that person's actions to determine your inner experience of life, you have given that person your power. Try this: Pick up an object near you that you can hold easily in one hand (a water bottle, a phone, a articlemark--anything that's immediately accessible and that you can hold). Now imagine that the object you picked up represents your power source. Though it's tempting to treat every lunch hour like a midday date with the co-worker you're sleeping with, it's a good idea to either set a schedule or limit your lunches together to one day a week. You really don't want to become that couple, to the exclusion of your other co-workers, and you also don't want to spend too much time together (and risk burnout!

Don't date or sleep with your boss or subordinate. It puts both of you in an awkward (and fireable! If you really think this might be the love of your life, consider leaving your job before you start a relationship. If it's just a fling you're after, don't do it. You might think you're keeping your relationship completely secret, but there's no real way to ensure this. Keep this in mind if having an affair in your office is a fireable offense. If you and a co-worker actually start dating and plan on being a couple for a while, stop keeping it a secret. Tell your bosses/HR representatives/whoever needs to know, and assure them that you'll continue to keep your work life as professional as possible. If others were ignoring it because it seemed too weird, so much the better--he would have the research field all to himself. Furthermore, he looked for ideas that he could verify through simple experiments--no heavy or expensive equipment. He had noticed that those who got large grants for their research, which would include all of the technological gadgetry that went with it, would become embroiled in political games in order to justify the money being spent on them. They would rely on technology instead of on their own thinking. And they would become conservative, not wanting to rock the boat with their conclusions. He preferred to do his work with cotton swabs and mirrors, and by engaging in detailed conversations with his patients. For instance, he became intrigued by the neurological disorder known as apotemnophilia--the desire of perfectly healthy people to have a limb amputated, with many of them actually going through with the surgery. Some had speculated that this well-known disorder is a cry for attention, or stems from a form of sexual perversion, or that patients had seen in childhood an amputee and the image had somehow become imprinted as an ideal to them. In all of these speculations, people seemed to doubt the reality of the actual sensation--it was all in their heads, they implied. Through simple interviews with several such patients, Ramachandran made some discoveries that dispelled these notions. Maybe even hold the object close to your chest to mimic Iron Man. Now I want you to imagine that someone comes by and says or does something unkind to you.

The moment you hear the unkind words, do you think it's wise to hand your power source over to the person who's being mean to you? Are you really willing to take off your power source and hand it to others? It seems a bit ridiculous, in this context, to think about giving away your power to anyone, let alone to someone who is mean to you. I often use this technique as a direct way to confront others about being readily willing to give away their power, and I don't only bring it up in a clinical setting. I use it as a creative way to bring about awareness in anyone I talk to in life who is genuinely giving away their power. When you share a visual like this with others, it shows you are striking together with them to handle the conflict they're experiencing. Helping people see how easily they're giving away their power, as well as giving them insight into how they can stop doing so, sparks awareness without eliciting defensiveness. Although it's rarely comfortable to realize just how easily we give away our power, there's little arguing that the visual itself is awakening. From then on, keep things as open, yet unsalacious, as possible. The biggest objection people seem to have to dating a co-worker is the inevitable awkwardness of going to work post-breakup. As weird as it may seem, it's super-helpful to discuss what you'll do if and when things don't work out. One couple I know agreed up front to avoid the Fadeout method of breaking up, since they had to see each other every day at work. They agreed that the second either one wasn't feeling it anymore, they'd be up front about it and the relationship would end, full stop: no unnecessary drama. Secretly making out in the elevator at work and then stopping the second you get to your floor is a fantasy everyone has, and you have the opportunity to make it happen. Take advantage, on behalf of the rest of us. He remembers things about you and asks you questions about your job/life/hobbies. He finds random excuses to email or text you. That movie starring that actor that we briefly talked about on our last date is on! In all cases they involved the left leg, which was curious enough. In talking to them, it seemed clear to Ramachandran that they were not after attention, nor were they sexually perverse, but rather they were experiencing a very real desire, because of some very real sensation.

With a pen, they all marked the exact spot where they wanted the amputation. When he did simple galvanic skin response tests on their bodies (tests that record the registering of slight amounts of pain), he discovered that everything was normal, except when he pricked the part of the leg the patient wanted amputated. The response was through the roof. The patient was experiencing that part of the limb as if it were too present, too intense, and this overactive sensation could only be done away with through amputation. In subsequent work he was able to locate neurological damage to the part of their brains that create and control our sense of body image. This damage had occurred at birth, or very early on. This meant that the brain could create a body image in a perfectly healthy person that was highly irrational. It seemed as well that our sense of self is far more subjective and fluid than we had thought. As with any conscious information, it's important first to work on mastering not giving away your own power; as you do, others will be more receptive to you teaching them to do the same. The creative exercise of holding on to your power might seem simple to understand, but in practice, it can be absolutely profound. A man in one of my anger management groups once told me that he saw a rival gang member who had stabbed him in the past walking down his street. The man in my group said, I went inside to get my gun. But when I got my gun out and cocked it, I saw your face, Doc. So I said, Oh, I have to hear more now. He explained, When I cocked my gun, I remembered what you taught us about giving away our power. I realized right then and there that if I would have gone out and shot that guy, I would have given him my power, and I didn't want to do that. So I put the gun down, closed my front door, stayed inside, and I kept my power. Just thought you should know! He compliments you.

Wednesday, 3 June 2020

Let them help you

With no schools or teachers in his life, he turned to articles, particularly anything he could find on science. He began to conduct his own experiments in the basement of his family home, and he taught himself how to take apart and fix any kind of watch. At the age of fifteen he apprenticed as a telegraph operator, then spent years traveling across the country plying his trade. He had no chance for a formal education, and nobody crossed his path who could serve as a teacher or mentor. And so in lieu of that, in every city he spent time in, he frequented the public library. One article that crossed his path played a decisive role in his life: Michael Faraday's two-volume Experimental Researches in Electricity. This article became for Edison what The Improvement of the Mind had been for Faraday. It gave him a systematic approach to science and a program for how to educate himself in the field that now obsessed him--electricity. He could follow the experiments laid out by the great Master of the field and absorb as well his philosophical approach to science. It's an out-of-body kind of experience, like the dissociative episodes. Ashley cut her eyes to Patty, who nodded in acknowledgment. The young woman continued, Anyway, all of these events have, I think, pointed me in a direction for a career. So, that's the next good thing to happen this year. I'm going to try to major in counseling so I can understand the ways these internal dialogues go haywire, and maybe help people with keeping them under control. Ashley read over her index card. And really, that's the third best thing to happen to me this year: I finally have a future I can `see' details about. It's been a long time coming, but as I look back on what Dr Matt and I did on our `walk to Alaska,' and as I see how far you guys have come, I have enough information to envision that future. I don't have to just survive anymore. I can grow and build things. You could make a list of things that you could do to help yourself.

You can write down the names and numbers of people who would be able to help you. You may find it helpful to include the good things in your life or things that you are looking forward to as part of the plan. There is no set way for how a crisis plan should look. You can access their crisis plan template at papyrus-uk. Papyrus and Mind both also have information and ideas about making a `crisis box'. The idea of a crisis box is that it is filled with items that you find comforting and distracting and help you feel better. You can use it when you feel anxious, stressed, or suicidal. You can fill it with anything positive and supportive such as: You could also do this using an app on your phone, such as the Stay Alive app. For the rest of his life, Faraday would remain his role model. Through articles, experiments, and practical experience at various jobs, Edison gave himself a rigorous education that lasted about ten years, up until the time he became an inventor. What made this successful was his relentless desire to learn through whatever crossed his path, as well as his self-discipline. He had developed the habit of overcoming his lack of an organized education by sheer determination and persistence. He worked harder than anyone else. Because he was a consummate outsider and his mind had not been indoctrinated in any school of thought, he brought a fresh perspective to every problem he tackled. He turned his lack of formal direction into an advantage. If you are forced onto this path, you must follow Edison's example by developing extreme self-reliance. Under these circumstances, you become your own teacher and mentor. You push yourself to learn from every possible source. I can thrive.

I hope you can tell how pumped I am to understand how our thinking either messes us up or sets us free. I'm only now realizing how much people like Dr Matt and my professor at SFA, Dr Traewick, know about this process. They use these scientific methods to show clients how to understand, AND CONTROL, their thinking. If private thought can be controlled better, anything is possible. We've seen it in this group, haven't we? Darrell exclaimed Amen, and this time he wasn't fooling around. Ashley nodded her thanks. All these good things happened this year because of the efforts of all of us to engage in authentic verbal interactions. That word--authentic--was one of the first words Dr Matt taught me when I was 15 and started therapy with him, and from that point forward, authenticity has been my goal for living, both the way I live inside my head, and out in the world. The Stay Alive app is a suicide prevention resource with useful information and tools to help you stay safe in crisis. In addition to the resources, the app includes a safety plan, customizable reasons for living, and a LifeBox. Here you can store photos and memories that are important to you. It's important to remember that difficult times do pass and with some preventative planning and courageous conversations, you can get through. Supporting Staff Experiencing Mental Health Problems It's time for every employer to recognise their responsibilities and affect change, so that the UK becomes a world leader in workplace wellbeing for all staff and in supporting people with mental health problems to thrive at work. The importance of better management of staff wellbeing and mental health has been building in recognition since publication of the reviews on health and wellbeing in the workplace by Professor Dame Carol Black (2008), Dr Steve Boorman (2012), and Stevenson and Farmer (2017). Organizations and businesses are recognizing that valued and supported staff are far more likely to deliver the best outcomes for a business. Workplaces that genuinely promote and value wellbeing and good mental health and support people with mental health problems are more likely to reduce absenteeism, improve engagement and retention of employees, increase productivity, and benefit from associated economic gains. If employees experience mental health difficulties whilst at work, it is important that they are appropriately supported by their manager. You read more articles than those who have a formal education, developing this into a lifelong habit.

As much as possible, you try to apply your knowledge in some form of experiment or practice. You find for yourself second-degree mentors in the form of public figures who can serve as role models. Reading and reflecting on their experiences, you can gain some guidance. You try to make their ideas come to life, internalizing their voice. As someone self-taught, you will maintain a pristine vision, completely distilled through your own experiences--giving you a distinctive power and path to mastery. To learn by example is to submit to authority. You follow your master because you trust his manner of doing things even when you cannot analyze and account in detail for its effectiveness. By watching the master and emulating his efforts. SEE PEOPLE AS THEY ARE: SOCIAL INTELLIGENCE This amazing man--she gestured to Dr Matt but addressed the group--you know I tease him a lot, but he's the real deal--so when he keeps talking about how we're a `verbal community' that generates sound ideas and rewards--and punishes action and talk in line with those values, I want to understand what he means, and now, I'm really beginning to see how that works, and is working. I'm not ashamed to admit that very little goes through my head that does not include what and how you guys would think about it. It's an ever-present group session going on inside there, and it helps me. These days, it's even hard to think back to when I didn't have that help, and I thank you, Dr Matt, and all of you guys, for being so present for me that even when I'm 3 hours away, what I learn in this room stays with me. I debated with myself whether to include this next example in my address, but I decided to go ahead and use it now to show my fascination about verbal behavior. Last month at the student union at SFA, the entertainment night was a stage hypnotist. The guy was hilarious, but after I thought about it, what the guy was doing was serious: deadly serious. He picked six people from the audience who he knew were highly suggestible, because they did exactly what he asked them to do in a `group suggestion. ' They were asked to imagine their two joined hands had melted into one hand that couldn't be pulled apart. And, amazingly, these six people couldn't--or at least didn't--pull their hands apart until he gave a `release' cue. Whether that person has an episode of depression or anxiety, they become burnt out, or they have any other mental health issue, how you, as a manager, support them can make all the difference to both the person concerned, their colleagues, and their work.

In a 2019 survey by Time to Change, 60% of participants reported that discrimination and stigma are as damaging, or can be more damaging, than the symptoms of their mental health problem and 54% of participants report that they are impacted most by such stigma in their place of work. There is a very real need to promote a culture of openness around wellbeing and mental health. Addressing the Stigma of Mental Ill-health In September 2019 Deborah Lee, the Chief Executive of Gloucestershire NHS Foundation Trust, spoke in an NHS employers podcast about her experience of mental health and burnout. In the podcast (go to www. Her disclosure is likely to have had a positive impact on others that listened to her speak; If people know their managers will be open and supportive, it reduces the stigma and unnecessary shame that comes with mental health problems. Deborah encourages leaders and senior board members to develop organizational cultures that prioritize the mental wellbeing of staff and enable open discussions of mental health saying: `one of the responsibilities of leaders is not just to lead the organisation you are in, but to recognise you set the tone for leadership more generally. Talking About Mental Ill-health Often the greatest obstacle to our pursuit of mastery comes from the emotional drain we experience in dealing with the resistance and manipulations of the people around us. If we are not careful, our minds become absorbed in endless political intrigues and battles. The principal problem we face in the social arena is our naive tendency to project onto people our emotional needs and desires of the moment. We misread their intentions and react in ways that cause confusion or conflict. Social intelligence is the ability to see people in the most realistic light possible. By moving past our usual self-absorption, we can learn to focus deeply on others, reading their behavior in the moment, seeing what motivates them, and discerning any possible manipulative tendencies. Navigating smoothly the social environment, we have more time and energy to focus on learning and acquiring skills. Success attained without this intelligence is not true mastery, and will not last. THINKING INSIDE In 1718, Benjamin Franklin (1706-90) went to work as an apprentice in his brother James's printing shop in Boston. One of the people was a guy I know from the dorm.