In fact, the primary disadvantage of this approach regards our operationalizations of creative products themselves. For example, should the researcher emphasize quantity at the expense of quality? When measuring the productivity of creative writers, for instance, should we restrict ourselves to only their successful fictional works or should we include all fictional works? Should we also include their works of nonfiction? And if we include their nonfiction works, should we also count the article reviews that they have written or their letters to the editor? Imagine how such questions become even more complex when applied to the realm of leadership. The productivitycentered approach is also limited to content that can be easily quantified. For example, is it possible to quantify everyday events of wit or humor? Breathing techniques, music, aromas and candle therapy are all ways that we use the opportunities to reflect on our day, allow our mind to rest and replenish itself for further use. But do these methods keep us mentally fit? Yes, it helps us stay in shape mentally. The great advantage in meditation, however, is the ability of the mind to transform itself into a vehicle for greater awareness. Meditation is a way for us to realize that it is not just our physical activity. We have so much more potential locked in our minds, resources that we never draw on until we have the chance to calm the mind, calm our environment and open the door to opportunities that we don't look at on a daily basis. In our meditative state, thoughts that never have the opportunity to be heard during the hustle and bustle of the day have the opportunity to manifest and be heard. Every step we take is a step in a certain direction for our lives. The opportunity to define our own destiny, to develop our manifestation of what we believe our life should be, is the opportunity that meditation offers. All the steps we took began as a thought. Being dependable is also part of Mother Nature's advice for making yourself attractive. As your ancestral clans evolved, male and female roles started to take form, inevitably leading to a gender-based division of labor.
For each husband/wife unit to flourish, each party relied on each other for the accomplishment of specific tasks. Imagine that you had a successful hunt and your share is a juicy haunch of bison. You hand it over to your mate, take a nap, and wake up hungry, only to find out that your woman hasn't even started the cook fire. Or worse yet, while she was next door gossiping, the dog stole it. It's a bad night, and it becomes worse the next day when your friend tells you about the savory stew his own woman prepared. Of course, it's true in reverse, as well. Cavewoman prepares all day for her man to return, and not only is he late, he is empty-handed. You can imagine how she feels when she hears her friend the next day tell how her partner's hunting party came home with a week's supply of prime ribs. Unfortunately, some expressions of creativity may remain elusive. Identification strategies focused on creative genius have also used the concept of eminence (i. e. , prominence or high position) as a primary criterion. Strategies that emphasize eminence select individuals who have established distinct and enduring reputations in a particular field. Such high reputation echoes our description of the creative genius as having widespread impact and influence on others. Sir Francis Galton was the first researcher to conduct a systematic investigation of genius using samples of eminent individuals. In his landmark article Hereditary Genius, Galton (1869) equated genius with reputation, in his words, The reputation of contemporaries, revised by posterity (p77). Moreover, he believed that reputation was generally heritable. Accordingly, Galton explored family pedigrees of the eminent, which allowed for easy access to a wealth of recorded information. The thought was then put into reality by our action on this thought. We are therefore able to produce new thoughts, new possibilities, in this period of quiet reflection.
Quiet Reflection: A Blow to the Spirit? Modern alternative medicine and holistic healers believe in the power of the energy that flows through our bodies; this energy radiates from our mind as well. It is believed that this is the head of transport for the nervous system of our body to carry out the communication. Breathing techniques, music, aromas and candle therapy are all ways that we use the opportunities to reflect on our day, allow our mind to rest and replenish itself for further use. The great advantage in meditation, however, is the ability of the mind to transform itself into a vehicle for greater awareness. Meditation is a way for us to realize that it is not just our physical activity. We have so much more potential locked in our minds, resources that we never draw on until we have the chance to calm the mind, calm our environment and open the door to opportunities that we don't look at on a daily basis. These examples are simplistic, but they do show the evolutionary function of dependability--to show another person we can be relied on to do tasks needed for the family to flourish. An inconsistent hunter is not going to attract as many mates as the dependable one. In today's world, this concern would be voiced by a mother to her daughter as, Can he make a decent living? When your mate perceives you as being dependable, your desirability increases because your mate comes to rely on you. Over time, this reliance turns into trust, and I'm sure that you are not surprised to learn that numerous studies show that trustworthiness is a highly desirable trait. You can begin to increase your dependability by honoring your smallest daily commitments. If you told your mate you'd mail a letter for her, do it. If you said you would save a certain part of your pay-check, put it in the bank and show her how the balance is growing. Show your partner he can rely on you, and you will find yourself becoming more attractive in his eyes. Later on, you will see how dependability is actually hardwired into you and how it is integrated into your other instinctual tools, too. Galton did not limit himself to prominent individuals in the arts and sciences but extended his examination of eminent family pedigrees to areas as diverse as statespersons, judges, divines, commanders, and even famous oarsmen and wrestlers of the North Country! As is apparent from Galton's work, a researcher who uses eminence as a selection criterion will be able to pick and choose from an abundance of information regarding creative genius.
The eminence strategy also allows for the quantification of creative genius. An early example of such quantification can be found in the work of James McKeen Cattell (1903). Cattell made the plausible assumption that as each creator's impact on a field and society increases, the amount of attention each receives in a reference work (eg, biographical dictionary, encyclopedia) should also increase. Accordingly, Cattell (1903) measured the lines of text allotted to each creator across various international encyclopedias. In this manner, Cattell was able to produce an impressive ranking of the 1000 most influential individuals in human history--with Napoleon capturing the top position. Much work has followed the pioneering efforts of Galton and Cattell, successfully implementing eminence as an objective gauge of genius-level achievement (see Simonton, 1999). There are numerous advantages to the use of eminence as our criterion of genius. The most salient advantage is that eminence measures result in quantitative and highly reliable estimates of an individual's impact on society. Our mind is the true benefactor in these moments of quiet reflection and meditation. Every day, time and time again, our minds would be sowed if given the opportunity. But very often, the opportunity is stolen thanks to the always urgent questions of professional responsibilities, children and household responsibilities. Our mind is usually all exhausted at the end of the day. In our meditative state, thoughts that never have the opportunity to be heard during the hustle and bustle of the day have the opportunity to manifest and be heard. Every step we take is a step in a certain direction for our lives. The opportunity to define our own destiny, to develop our manifestation of what we believe our life should be, is the opportunity that meditation offers. All the steps we took began as a thought. The thought was then put into reality by our action on this thought. We are therefore able to produce new thoughts and possibilities in this period of quiet reflection. One more piece of attraction advice: Increase your emotional communication. Recall the evolutionary function of emotions--they communicate information that helps us survive, solve problems, and enrich our lives.
Since we are hardwired with emotions, it follows that communicating your emotions to your partner is important, as well as picking up on your partner's emotional messages to you. Ancestors who could read the face of fear in those running from a predator had a head start on those who needed to be told to run, and those who could interpret the nonverbal signs of hurt in their mates were more prone to comfort them--so they could recover their confidence. If a husband picks up that his wife is anxious about an interview, he can help her prepare. If a wife senses her husband is angry, she can gently probe for the reasons and then help problem solve and restore his equilibrium. Increase your awareness to the emotional cues your partner sends outs. How do you know when he is angry, anxious, or dejected? Can you read it in his face and body language? Can you hear the tones in your partner's voice? Studies of eminent scientists (Simonton, 1991a), visual artists (Simonton, 1984), philosophers (Simonton, 1976), and monarchs (Simonton, 1983b) have produced reliability coefficients indicative of tremendous consensus (i. e. , alpha coefficients that hover around . 90 see also Simonton, 1991b). This consensus is not limited to majority cultures or simply Western civilization. For example, the measured eminence of creative African Americans displays remarkable consistency across both majority-culture sources and reference works specific to African American culture (Simonton, 1998). Such consensus also cuts across cultural bounds, as can be seen in studies conducted on samples of eminent Japanese and Chinese creators (Simonton, 1988, 1992). Such quantification is certainly more satisfying than the turn of the century armchair rankings of influential individuals. Equating eminence with creative genius has certain disadvantages as well. Consider that to appear within a reference work, an individual needs to reach a considerable level of recognition. It is in these small moments of creativity and a more conscious operation that our mind recovers from the stress of daily activities, and maintains a true level of healthy functioning. Our spirit has the opportunity to renew itself.