Promotion and prevention are associated with distinctive feelings, perceptual sensitivities to positive and negative cues in the environment, adoption of behavioral strategies, decision-making processes, and task performance. The positive and negative attributes of an object are judged through different evaluative systems (Cacioppo, Gardner, & Bernston, 1997). These systems, both of which contribute to attitude formation, operate independently (although under some circumstances may influence each other). The popular, extensively validated Big 5 model of personality identifies extraversion and neuroticism as distinct components (McCrae & Costa, 1987, 1997). Eysenck's proposal (eg, Eysenck, 1981) that extraversion represents the person's relative sensitivity to reward cues (i. e. , an appetition system) whereas neuroticism represents the person's relative sensitivity to punishment cues (i. e. Meditation has proven to be an effective method for lowering blood pressure, relieving stress, and promoting overall good health, simply reflecting on our day, and finding happiness within ourselves. Fitness refers to the state of our physical body and mental condition would of course respond to our mental state. Often, we join and participate in fitness centers that provide personal trainers, and stationary fitness equipment. There are many pieces of equipment available that perform many different exercises to treat specific areas of the body. The best time to learn more about this equipment is during the orientation session of the fitness center you have chosen. The exercise covers a lot of ground. There are so many forms of exercise that we can only try to cover some of the most popular and well-defined programs. There are aerobic programs that focus on heart rate and your cardio health. There is water aerobics that again focus on your heart health. Weight training and free weights are used for building muscle mass, and sculpting the body. Other times, it is demonstrated by granting time off to fulfill family obligations. And naturally, Care bear bosses are rewarded with greater performance and retention of key talent.
Care today, they are here tomorrow, could be a Care bear boss slogan. One of the ways knowledge is gained is through the process of generational transmission--an older generation passes down crucial information to the next generation. For example, creatures know their enemies at first glance because previous generations have hardwired it into their DNA. An infant who cries when she sees a stranger for the first time is acting on a hardwired instinct from its ancestral mother: Beware of strangers. At the dawn of man, life span was short, so you can see that passing on information was a challenge for our ancestors. As a result, it would often be the case that the community could not fully maximize the learning and wisdom the elders had amassed from their life experiences, thus clan development stalled. In effect, each generation had to reinvent the wheel. If enough of a senior generation died before it could teach the community skills and cultural values, the community would inevitably become extinct. , an aversion system) has been supported in subsequent research (eg, Lucas, Diener, Grob, Suh, & Shao, 2000 Watson & Clark, 1984). Gable, Reis, and Elliot (2001) reasoned that these various examples may represent domain-specific manifestations of two general functional systems, one encompassing appetitive processes and the other encompassing aversive processes. They conducted a series of confirmatory factor analyses, each of which included variables from several of the domains listed previously. Their studies included self-reports and semiprojective measures, varied content and time frames, and different samples. In each analysis, regardless of which specific variables were included, the best-fitting model identified two latent variables, one composed of appetitive variables, the other composed of aversive variables. These results suggest that appetite and aversion may represent a fundamental distinction underlying various specific behavioral manifestations. Considering the appetitive and aversive systems as independent suggests two basic conclusions. First, even if the same amount of negative stimulus produces larger changes than the same amount of positive stimulus, the operation of either system is generally uninformative about the other. Instead, these processes must be disentangled to be understood, both in terms of their distinct influences on social behavior and in terms of their interplay. As discussed later, in the area of relationships, current methods have not always allowed such fine-grained analysis. Walking is one of the best exercises available because it does not jar our body, but uses all parts to tone and build heart rate. Running, swimming, jogging and skiing are all forms of exercise, but not recommended for novices.
Your nutritional needs refer to the physical supplements of vitamins, minerals and calories needed for you to sustain optimal physical health. There is a lot of discussion about this right now, because our nation is facing obesity problems of epidemic proportions. Alternative therapies refer to alternative medicine options such as chiropractic care, acupuncture, herbal remedies and holistic medicine. Among the examples given here, chiropractic and acupuncture are increasingly widely accepted as complements to the traditional form of Western medicine. Studies are often conducted to support evidence that chiropractic care and acupuncture are effective forms of medicine. Plant-based cleansing and healing are terms used by many natural healers to describe what ingestion of certain plant combinations can provide for the body in the effort to bring it back to optimal health, or maintain optimal health. Today, well-being is used not only in conjunction with health and fitness, but also the well-being of the mind, body and mind. There is a growing movement among health-conscious citizens that well-being should include not only our physical being, but our mental and spiritual health. This also occurred in clans that paid little attention to their elders. On the other hand, there were communities that realized the longer they kept their elders healthy, the longer the community was able to take advantage of their knowledge, a vital commodity that helped any tribe flourish. Thus, it came to pass that ensuring that the elders remained healthy evolved into a primal instinct. Care giving to the elderly became a means, an adaptation, for investing in the young. Countless generations found this to be true, so it is no wonder that somebody inevitably captured Mother Nature's recommendation: Respect your elders! That is both an instinctual urge and a value hardwired into cultures. Nurturing and protecting the elderly takes many forms. In organizations, care giving is implemented through executive development programs. These are the programs that companies run internally or in conjunction with a business school. The focus is to help the senior executives develop new skills, conceptual and behavioral, that enhance their effectiveness. Second, the locus of action instigation may differ in an important way, as shown by Gable, Reis, and Elliot (2000). Rarely do people seek out negative events, but because they occur more or less inevitably, the aversive system regulates differential responses to what the environment offers.
Positive events, on the other hand, often must be sought out, mandating that initiation plays a significant role in determining when opportunities are perceived, pursued, and capitalized on. The appetitive system, in other words, regulates differential exposure to positive events. What does this model imply for the primary topic of this article, relationships? That the processes involved in obtaining desired positive, relationship outcomes may be distinct from those involved in avoiding negative, distressing outcomes. In practical terms, the absence of conflict and criticism in a relationship need not imply the presence of joy and fulfillment, just as the presence of joy and fulfillment need not denote the absence of conflict and criticism. We note that this is not a linguistic subtlety or theoretical hair-splitting. Our perspective suggests that the causes, operation, and consequences of negative processes in relationships should be considered separate and distinct from the causes, operation, and consequences of positive processes in relationships. As we argue later, the processes involved in relating well are not the same as those involved in not relating badly. The only true form of well-being must include the whole person. What makes us feel good? Well-being refers to the state of good physical and mental health, especially when maintained by proper diet, exercise and habits. Nutrition refers to the maintenance of our body, in our ability to keep it healthy and functioning as it is supposed to do. Our ability to provide the body with all the necessary foods, vitamins and minerals so that we continue to thrive in our daily life processes. But what makes us feel good? The first place to start would be with examining your eating habits. Since we are the product of what we eat, if our eating habits are unhealthy, or do not provide the nutrition we need, we are not going to be healthy people at the end of the process. Do you take more calories than your body needs? Do you supplement your vitamins and minerals to make sure you get your recommended daily allowances? Organizations that are rich in executive development programs communicate the message to their senior staff that they have much to contribute- they are on their way up, not down. In fact, I've had many executives who attend these programs tell me, I feel good about being here, because it tells me my company cares about me.
Mother Nature would instruct people in human resources, training, and development to assess How do we develop our senior people so they can contribute more to our younger employees? In the financial service industry, senior advisors are valued not just for their productivity but for what they pass on to younger generations, which is why they are asked to give presentations to the young men and women fresh out of business school. What about care giving to your own parents? Here it comes in the form of giving comfort, physical assistance, financial help, and other nutrients that enhance their sunset years. If great distance separates you, you can show your care through phone calls, letters, and emails. There are other ways to demonstrate care to your parents, too. Do they need help taking care of their bills, their homes, or shopping? If so, help them! METHODOLOGICAL CONSIDERATIONS In this light, how might one make sense of the consistent evidence favoring the greater impact of negativity? We suggest that several methodological issues may have inadvertently contributed to the primacy of negatives in the existing literature. In the section that follows, we briefly review a few of these issues, with particular attention to their implications for research on positivity in relationships. Rook (1998) provides a more extensive review of several of these factors. Findings, of course, depend on where researchers choose to look, and today, researchers are more likely than not to investigate causal antecedents and consequences of negative processes in relationships, such as conflict, criticism, betrayal, stressful events, divorce, bereavement, rejection, social isolation, jealousy, violence, loneliness, and intrusiveness. 3 For example, the overwhelming majority of observational studies of marital interaction, considered by many researchers to be the methodological gold standard, involve discussion of a significant conflict area. Protocols for observation and evaluation of affectionate behavior have yet to be developed (although see Roberts & Linney, 1999, for a promising development). Perhaps this focus reflects the clinical roots of relationship research (not to mention the impact of mental health funding) - Many popular paradigms were designed to provide a scientific foundation for intervening with distressed couples and families. Nonetheless, if positive and negative processes are functionally independent, the failure to examine positive processes makes it unlikely that evidence for their impact will be found. Several studies have sought to compare the relative impact of negative and positive interactions by including one examplar of each in the same study--typically conflict and social support, a well-established benefit of close relationships. If you don't make the most basic efforts to take care of your nutritional needs, you are not an individual good. Then you may want to look at your exercise habits, if there are any things.