But even willful deceit can vary in its character, as any of us ever guilty of a white lie knows. When we told a white lie, we knew we were doing it; Introduction Forbes, The Social History of the Caul, Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine 53 (1952): 495-508. Chamberlen (London: T. Clarke, 1763), 5. Leavitt, Brought to Bed: Childbearing in America, 1750-1950 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1986), 3. For a more in-depth account of childbirth attitudes in antiquity, see H. Lemay, Women's Secrets: A Translation of Pseudo-Albertus Magnus' De Secretis Mulierum with Commentaries (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1992). Lurie, Euphemia Maclean, Agnes Sampson and Pain Relief during Labor in 16th Century Edinburgh, Anaesthesia 59, no. Caton, What a Blessing She had Chloroform (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1999), 54. Hibbard, The Obstetrician's Armamentarian (San Anselmo, CA: Norman Publishing, 2000), 4. To give your body a complete workout, the routines include exercises from different categories, which also keeps the workout fun and interesting. There's also an additional workout routine specifically for improving posture, developed based on the information from my first article. Feel free to replace any of the exercises in the routines that irritate an existing area of pain, but avoid doing too many exercises in a row that target the same general muscles and body parts. Many of the routines I've created take less than 10 minutes to complete (including warm-up time), which, based on the research of reduced-exertion high-intensity interval training (REHIIT), is enough to significantly improve your fitness level. Though the routines are short, you'll find that there's still plenty of room to progress and ratchet up the intensity of your workout. As your fitness level improves, you'll naturally increase the number of repetitions of an exercise you can perform during the allotted time. You can also increase the workout interval lengths--eg, do 30 seconds of intense exercise instead of 20--as well as the ratio of exercising time to resting time--eg, instead of a 30-second workout followed by a 10-second rest (3:1), you can eliminate the rest period altogether (3:0). If you're motivated to do even more, you can easily extend your workouts beyond the time allotted by adding another set or two of exercises at the end.
While the science is still emerging, it appears that there are some additional benefits to longer interval workouts. Some REHIIT studies suggest that blood-sugar regulation and diabetes prevention may not be as effectively addressed with shorter-duration workouts, as compared to the more typical-length HIIT workouts. But our aim was not personal advantage, but protecting someone else - often the person to whom we were lying. I think motivations matter, so well-intended lies, though eponymously intentional, are still just mere lies. They are not damned lies. Nor are unintentional distortions. These aren't really lies at all, but there is a certain lack of elegance in unintentional distortions, misguided beliefs, gullible repetitions, foolishness, fanaticism, fallacies, white lies, other lies, stochastic legerdemain, and pecuniary predations as a section title, wouldn't you agree? Lies, damned lies, and statistics has much more lilt and panache, and a whole lot less baggage . I am using it accordingly, with a certain poetic license. I am including unintentional misguidance here, under lies. I am including fallacies here, too, which are in effect misunderstandings and misapprehensions that people pay forward. You understand that it means lies, but with a wink. Banks, Birth Chairs, Midwives, and Medicine (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999), 50. Ellison, On Fertile Ground: A Natural History of Human Reproduction (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2001), 55. Rosenberg and Charles Rosenberg, The Female Animal: Medical and Biological Views of Woman and Her Role in Nineteenth Century America, The Journal of the American History 60, no. Thomas, ed. Frieda, Catherine de Medici Renaissance Queen of France (New York: Fourth Estate, HarperCollins, 2003). Temkin, trans. Raju, Soranus of Ephesus: Who Was He and What Did He Do? Historical Review and Recent Advances in Neonatal and Perinatal Medicine, Mead Johnson Nutritional Division (1980).
Dye, Painless Childbirth or Healthy Mothers & Healthy Children (Silver Creek, NY: The Local Printing House, 1884). Women Writers in English 1350-1850 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999). Finally, I do not recommend using any additional weights--dumbbells, kettlebells, or medicine balls--until you've been doing the exercises for several weeks or more. Your own body weight will supply plenty of resistance to start. Once you can easily finish an exercise while maintaining good posture and form, you can incorporate some weights simply by holding them in your hands as you perform the exercise routines. The routines are the foundation of your HIIT fitness program. Done quickly and in succession, they will not only make you stronger, but also will give you a great cardio workout. However, if you enjoy walking, running, biking, swimming, or using cardio equipment like elliptical trainers, you can turn those activities into a HIIT session. Once you've prepared your body for intense exercise and have properly warmed up, you can incorporate what the Swedes call fartlek, or speed-play, into your exercise routine. Perhaps you like to walk around a track or in the streets of your neighborhood. Next time you go out, try walking the track normally and then fast-walking or jogging the curves. Or choose two mailboxes or phone poles in the distance and pick up the pace as you move between them. Not really just lies, but also misleading nonsense, hyperbole, and all the rest. There is some genuine overlap between the range of relatively innocent lies and statistical manipulations. Some of those are inadvertent as well. Where the overlap is greatest, I don't promise not to reference the same basic liability under both rubrics. Perhaps viewing the same threat through two lenses will make us all a bit better at recognizing it out in the real world. Where the overlap is less emphatic, I will do my best to draw the line between non-statistical deceptions that dabble in statistics (those go here), and statistical manipulations that dabble in other kinds of lying (those go in article 2 ). It's important to know that we are all vulnerable to propagating inadvertent lies. The Main Ingredient famously told us those decades ago, however, that everybody plays the fool, sometime;
So any of us might believe something that proves to be false; If in our enthusiasm for what we believe or wish were true we propound it to others, we are playing the knave, and making those others into fools. Women Writers in English 1350-1850 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1999), 40. Thomas, ed. Man's Yard and the advice about having odors waft through the body: Francois Mauriceau, The Diseases of Women with Child, and in the Child-Bed: As also the Best Means of Helping Them in Natural and Unnatural Labours, with Fit Remedies for the Several Indispositions of New-born Babes, to Which is Prefix'd an Exact Description of the Parts of Generation in Women, 7th ed. Chamberlen (London: T. Clarke, 1763). Thompson, The Wandering Womb: A Cultural History of Outrageous Beliefs about Women (New York: Prometheus articles, 1999), 22- 37. Lemay, Anthonius Guainerius and Medieval Gynecology, in Women of the Medieval World, ed. Kirshner and S. Wemple, 317-336 (New York: Basil Blackwell, 1985). Lemay, Anthonius Guainerius and Medieval Gynecology, in Women of the Medieval World, ed. If you're inside on an elliptical trainer or treadmill watching TV, try increasing your intensity during a commercial, and then go back to your regular pace when it's over. If you're already fit and looking for a more high-powered workout, you could approximate one of the REHIIT workouts from a published study referred to earlier: As with the HIIT strength-training routines, you can easily increase the intensity of your cardio workout by increasing the exercise interval lengths or times, or by adding additional intervals. Here's a more intense format: There are many ways to create a successful exercise routine for fitness and health. The only absolutes are that the routine includes both aerobic exercise and strength training, and that it be done regularly. While recommendations are constantly changing in the ever-evolving field of sports medicine--the new research on REHIIT hasn't even filtered down yet--most experts agree that 20 minutes or more of vigorous activity three days a week (more than that and you may be at greater risk for injury) plus at least two days a week of strength training is an effective overall fitness program. To that end, I recommend that you start with one beginner workout from this article and, after a few weeks of training, add another HIIT routine per week from the article on a non-consecutive day.
Eventually, the goal should be to perform two to three HIIT workouts per week, with at least two of them from this article--that would also fulfill your strength-training requirement. The third routine, if you decide to do one, can also be from this article, or you can add a day or two of moderate-pace activity such as a brisk walk or hike, or a different HIIT cardio routine like an interval swim in a pool. It can happen; How easy it is to mistake preference for truth! I say this to point out that mere lies are not just propagated by liars or bad people. They can seduce any of us to serve as their agents. All the more reason, then, to be as expert as possible at recognizing truth, and recognizing lies that will come to us as wolves in sheeps' clothing. Damned lies are worse than mere lies, but they tend to emanate from the usual suspects and they tend to be fairly easy to recognize. The danger of mere lies may at times be greater because they are so insidious. We are comfortable in their company; Why are we so vulnerable to lies about diet but less vulnerable to lies about, say, soap, or hats, or exercise or weather? I can think of several reasons. Kirshner and S. Wemple, 317-336 (New York: Basil Blackwell, 1985). Shorter, A History of Women's Bodies (New York: Penguin articles, 1982), 35-36. The poem is Shorter's translation from Gustav Klein, ed. Hibbard, The Obstetrician's Armamentarian (San Anselmo, CA: Norman Publishing, 2000). Banks, Birth Chairs, Midwives, and Medicine (Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 1999), 25. Das, Obstetric Forceps: Its History and Evolution (1929; Das, Obstetric Forceps: Its History and Evolution (1929;