Saturday, 31 October 2020

How frequently do you make these requests?

We underestimate the effects of some situational factors and overestimate the effects of others. For example, Nisbett and Wilson (1977b) showed that people liked a movie less if it was out of focus part of the time but were unaffected by a loud noise outside the room where the movie was showing. However, when the researchers asked participants about the factors that influenced their enjoyment, the participants thought the focus problems did not affect their liking (underestimating the effect) and that the loud noise did (overestimating the effect). This doesn't mean our beliefs about why we feel and behave the way we do are always wrong but rather that they are often, if not always, based on an imperfect inference process that sometimes leads to inaccurate or incomplete understanding. If you just found out a close friend died, and you felt very sad, you would probably be right in inferring that this news made you sad. But so would an objective observer who witnessed you learning of this news but did not have access to your internal feelings. At other times, the cause of negative feelings may not be so obvious. You might erroneously attribute them to particular reasons, such as lack of sleep, when they are really due to something else. Care for Autism Spectrum Disorders: Yoga helps calm the mind holistically and naturally. Instead of pills and syringes, practicing yoga quells the usual temper tantrums thrown by autistic patients and allows them to adjust their personalities to the world around them. Addiction Control: Transcendental meditation is one of the easy ways to battle addiction, be it food, sex, drugs, or alcohol. With constant practice, students learn to build abstinence to these damaging habits. A study by Moliver in 2011 on obese women over 45 shows how yoga was effective in reducing their body mass index and food consumption. Pain Reduction and Management: Regular yoga affects the parietal lobe of the brain. This part is responsible for speech, limb movements, and pain. Studies conducted in 2011 demonstrated the efficacy of yoga following mindfulness and meditation for as little as two months in reducing pain sensitivity. Better Information Processing: Our brains have cortical infoldings known as sulci and gyri. These folds house several neurons responsible for advanced functions such as keeping up with your boss's ever-changing demands each second and planning for the future. Remember, these obstacles on our career path reveal themselves to help you build more capacity and skills to live your destiny with more resilience. For example, if you were not approved for a promotion this year, you may feel discouraged.

You may think the system is unfair or that your boss failed to deliver on his promise. Reframe or look for the silver lining in the situation: It's been a tough quarter financially, and the leadership team has postponed my promotion to help me get ready for the next level. It does not mean anything about my self-worth. This will diminish habitual emotional reactivity and improve your ability to react to difficult situations with equanimity. Rewrite Your Story Catherine was a regional sales manager with a stellar track record for exceeding sales targets every quarter. An effective communicator, she was known for building a high-performing team through her compassionate and motivational management style, which empowered her team to perform at their best. However, she received constructive feedback from her manager that she wore her heart on her sleeve, was too emotional, and delayed having the difficult conversations with her team. In fact, studies comparing daily fluctuations in mood with other things going on in people's day-to-day lives show that people are not very accurate in their beliefs about the factors that affect their moods (Stone et al. For example, one study found that college students thought their moods were affected by amount of sleep the prior night and the weather, but they actually were affected by neither (Wilson et al. Using the Self to Know One's Feelings Self-perception processes can also play an important role in the emotions we feel. Stan Schachter's (1964) two-factor theory of emotion proposed that people's level of arousal determines the intensity of an emotion, but the specific type of emotion they experience is determined by the meaning they give to that arousal. That meaning is informed by what's happening in their current environment. If we represent this idea in the form of an equation, we get: Two-factor theory of emotion The theory that people's emotions are the product of both their arousal level and how they interpret that arousal based on contextual cues. One startling implication of this theory is that the same arousal can be attributed to one or another emotion, depending on the self-perception process of interpreting contextual cues. Yoga increases the surface areas of your brain's cortical folds, improving memory and cognitive performance. Yoga can also make you smarter and more self-aware by increasing the size of the hippocampus and the somatosensory cortex.

These two areas are responsible for anxiety control and self-awareness, respectively. Thus, regular yoga leads to increased lucidity, self-confidence, and improved self-esteem. The Emotional and Social Benefits of Yoga Meditation and yoga help us better express our feelings and temper our responses in stressful situations. As humans, we will not always have control over how we feel, but yoga can teach us how to react by suppressing our basal or banal instincts. Practicing yoga also increases our appreciation for the world around us. This helps us accept responsibility for our environment so we can play our part in creating a better world. The Concept of Vritti Catherine was devastated. She started doubting her abilities and wanted to explore ways to lead from a place of compassion and directness without sacrificing her vulnerability and authentic leadership style. During our coaching engagement, she explored how to build more courage and capacity to have tough conversations and rewrite her current narrative of It's wrong to be overly sensitive using the exercise described below. Within a month of practicing this exercise daily, she realized vulnerability is a sign of strength and feedback is a gift. With this growth mindset, she learned to balance her emotional reactions with her rational-thinking mind and respond more appropriately. She also started developing more self-compassion and agency to manage the self-talk that would arise when she did not meet her or others' expectations. To begin this practice, follow the simple mindfulness meditation practice above to get relaxed, focused, and present, breathing fully with each inhale and exhale. Recall a time where you felt not good enough, like a failure, or did not meet your or another person's expectations. Understand that this story may arise from the limited view you had as a child and that as an adult, you can rewrite it with a broader understanding. Ask yourself these questions and observe your responses neutrally. Misattribution of Arousal and Emotion When we observe our own behavior to figure out why we feel aroused, we can make mistakes about where that arousal came from.

As a result, we can experience emotions that are fueled by something else entirely. The illustration shows a vertical flowchart showing a man having several cups of tea, in the first photo; This leads to one photo showing a cup of black coffee, denoting correct attribution. It also reads I'm pretty amped up on caffeine, that's why. The series of photo also lead to another photo showing a football match on television, denoting misattribution. It also reads Well, this game is pretty intense--I guess I'm really excited about who wins! In the first experiment to test this idea, Schachter and Singer (1962) gave participants an injection of epinephrine (also known as adrenaline), which causes arousal in the sympathetic nervous system. However, they told participants the study concerned the effects of a drug that influences memory and that the injection was a dose of the memory-enhancing drug. Vritti (Sanskrit ? Think of a whirlpool made of thought, or the never-ending chatter that goes on in your mind, with no clear beginning and no end in sight, and you'll have a fair view of what vritti is. In Patanjali's yoga sutras, it is written, Yogas citta vritti ni rodha, which translates to Yoga is the neutralization of the vortices of feeling. The concept of vritti represents attachments and egoistic desires. According to Patanjali, yoga aims to neutralize such whirlpools or egoistic desires by stabilizing the spinal center. For example, base desires such as lust are located along the lower chakras such as the root and sacral chakra, all of which are the seats of emotional and physical identity connecting your image and keeping you grounded in the world. Vritti is born in your subconscious mind, or your memory, or Citta. It's not something that comes up on its own, as it's the side effect of being deluded, holding on to misconceptions, or choosing to be blind to the true reality. This delusion is known as Avidya (Sanskrit ? The only way to destroy this ignorance or delusion (avidya) is by acquiring Jnana (spiritual knowledge). Explore what happens in your body when you believe these thoughts are true and how believing them makes you feel and act: What story am I telling myself?

How do I feel when I tell that story? What sensations arise in my body? What evidence or facts tell me that the story is true? Where did this story originate? Mindfully feel any emotions and sensations that may arise to the best of your ability. If too intense, name them to bring space between your mind and body. Focus on your breathing. Bring compassion to emotions like anger, sadness, or shame rather than criticizing, blaming, or pushing them away. In the critical conditions of the study, participants were told the injection would have no side effects. They were asked to wait for the drug to take effect in a room with a confederate who was either happily shooting balls of paper into a trash can or voicing his anger over what he saw as intrusive questions on a survey he was filling out. Why did Schachter and Singer put participants in the room with different confederates? They wanted to determine if they could alter the participants' emotions by varying the salience of a label for their heightened arousal. Thus, participants were later asked how they felt during the study. Those who witnessed the happy confederate reported being happy, whereas those who spent time with the angry confederate reported being angry themselves. In contrast, participants who also were given the injection but were told to expect symptoms of physiological arousal as a side effect were much less likely to experience these emotions. This is because they already had an obvious label for their heightened arousal: It was a side effect of the injection. Only participants without such an obvious contextual explanation attributed their arousal to an emotion. It's also important to note that the specific emotion to which they attributed their arousal was different--either happiness or anger--depending on the cues provided by the confederate. Upon the destruction of avidya, vritti moves on to become the universal principle or absolute reality, also known as Brahman (Sanskrit ? This step of controlling vritti is essential because thought patterns function to cause Avarana-Bhanga, which removes the veil of Sthula Avidya (the veil of ignorance) in our reality.

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